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About Parshotam Associates


It is a destination based tax on consumption of goods and services. It is proposed to be levied at all stages right from manufacture up to final consumption with credit of taxes paid at previous stages available as setoff. In a nutshell, only value addition will be taxed and burden of tax is to be borne by the final consumer.

The tax would accrue to the taxing authority which has jurisdiction over the place of consumption which is also termed as place of supply.

Under the GST regime, tax is payable by the registered taxable person on the supply of goods and/or services. Liability to pay tax arises when the taxable person crosses the turnover threshold of Rs.20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for NE & Special Category States) except in certain specified cases where the taxable person is liable to pay GST even though he has not crossed the threshold limit. The CGST / SGST is payable on all intra-State supply of goods and/or services and IGST is payable on all inter- State supply of goods and/or services. The CGST /SGST and IGST are payable at the rates specified in the Schedules to the respective Acts.

Small taxpayers with an aggregate turnover in a preceding financial year up to Rs.One Crore (75 lakhs for special category States – except Jammu & Kashmir and Uttarakhand) are eligible for composition levy. This scheme is basically for suppliers of goods and restaurant service providers only. Under the scheme, a taxpayer shall pay tax as a percentage of his turnover in a state during the year without the benefit of ITC. The rate of tax for CGST and SGST/UTGST shall not exceed [1% for manufacturer as well as traders; 5% for specific services as mentioned in para 6(b) of Schedule II viz serving of food or any other article for human consumption i.e. restaurant service providers]. A tax payer opting for composition levy shall not collect any tax from his customers.

Tax payers making inter- state supplies (except persons making inter-state supplies of certain specified handicraft goods) or making supplies through e-commerce operators Who are required to collect tax at source shall not be eligible for composition scheme. Also manufacturers of ice-cream, pan masala and tobacco products will not be eligible for composition scheme.

  • (i) Government empowered to enhance upper limit for composition scheme to Rs.1.5 crore by notification
  • (ii) A person who opts to pay tax under composition scheme may supply services (other than those referred to in clause (b) of paragraph 6 of Schedule II), of value not exceeding ten per cent of turnover in a State or Union territory in the preceding financial year or five lakh rupees, whichever is higher.

Goods manufactured, but not cleared from factory before 01.07.2017 have been exempted from Central Excise duty vide Tariff Notification No. 12/2017-CE dated 30.06.2017. Appropriate GST will have to be paid whenever the goods are cleared after 01.07.2017.

Yes, but only those activities which are specified in Schedule I to the CGST Act / SGST Act. The said provision has been adopted in IGST Act as well as in UTGST Act also. In cases where the inputs/ capital goods sent for job work are not returned with in the specified time limit, the supplies made by the principal to job worker will also be deemed to be a supply.

Composite supply is a supply consisting of two or more taxable supplies of goods or services or both or any combination thereof, which are bundled in natural course and are supplied in conjunction with each other in the ordinary course of business and where one of which is a principal supply. For example, when a consumer buys a television set and he also gets warranty and a maintenance contract with the TV, this supply is a composite supply. In this example, supply of TV is the principal supply, warranty and maintenance service are ancillary.

Mixed supply is combination of more than one individual supply of goods or services or any combination thereof made in conjunction with each other for a single price, which can ordinarily be supplied separately. For example, a shopkeeper selling storage water bottles along with refrigerator. Bottles and the refrigerator can easily be priced and sold separately.

Composite supply shall be treated as supply of the principal supply. Mixed supply would be treated as supply of that particular goods or services which attracts the highest rate of tax.

Supplies of all goods and services are taxable except alcoholic liquor for human consumption. Supply of petroleum crude, high speed diesel, motor spirit (commonly known as petrol), natural gas and aviation turbine fuel shall be taxable with effect from a future date. This date would be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the GST Council.

Yes, the Government can specify categories of services the tax on which shall be paid by the electronic commerce operator, if such services are supplied through it and all the provisions of the Act shall apply to such electronic commerce operator as if he is the person liable to pay tax in relation to supply of such services. Notification No. 17/2017-Central Tax (rate) dated 28/06/2017 as amended by notification no.23/2017-Central Tax (rate) dated 22/08/2017 and Notification No. 14/2017-Integrated Tax (Rate) dated 28/06/2017 as amended by notification no. 23/2017-Integrated Tax (rate) dated 22/08/2017 have been issued under the CGST Act and the IGST Act respectively in this regard. The following categories of services have been notified for the purpose:

  • a. services by way of transportation of passengers by a radio-taxi, motorcab, maxicab and motor cycle;
  • b. services by way of providing accommodation in hotels, inns, guest houses, clubs, campsites or other commercial places meant for residential or lodging purposes, except where the person supplying such service through electronic commerce operator is liable for registration under section 22(1) of the CGST Act;
  • c. services by way of house-keeping, such as plumbing, carpentering etc., except where the person supplying such service through electronic commerce operator is liable for registration under section 22(1) of the CGST Act